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u.k. farm infected with foot-and-mouth

August 4, 2007

i remember the last time the u.k. had an outbreak of this. they determined it was because they were feeding ruminants to ruminants. first rule of thumb when farming animals? DON’T FEED THEM ANIMALS. this is precisely why mad cow exists; feeding infected brain and spinal material back to susceptible cattle. here’s an idea; stop farming animals.

note: watch the video (click on link below) for more information.

article source.

Farm infected with foot-and-mouth

A UK-wide ban on movement of all livestock is in place after cattle at a farm in Surrey were found to be infected with foot-and-mouth disease.

Some 60 animals on the farm close to the village of Wanborough near Guildford have tested positive for the disease which wreaked havoc in 2001.

A 3km protection zone has been put in place around the premises.

Gordon Brown cancelled his holiday in Dorset and took part in a meeting of government’s Cobra emergency committee.

Very few human cases of foot-and-mouth disease have ever been recorded. The last human case reported in the UK occurred in 1966.

In accordance with legislation, all cattle on the Surrey premises will be culled and incinerated, UK Chief Veterinary Officer Debby Reynolds said.

The farm has been under restrictions since late on Thursday when symptoms were reported.

Ms Reynolds confirmed the outbreak after samples were taken from the farm.

She said: “We are trying to form a picture of where the infection may have come from but at the moment it’s very early stages.

“It is the absolute priority at the moment to prevent further spread, and piece together information about how it might have got there in the first place.”

Scientific analysis of the virus could be available late on Saturday, but it may take longer depending on the exact strain of the disease involved.

Gordon Brown returned to London on Saturday and Environment Secretary Hilary Benn broke off from his holiday in Italy.

The Cobra committee was reconvened and met for 50 minutes on Saturday to review the latest developments.

Ms Reynolds has advised farmers across the UK to examine their animals carefully and immediately report anything suspicious.

As well as the 3km protection zone, there is also a 10km surveillance zone where nearby animals are monitored.

The outbreak in 2001 led to between 6.5 million and 10 million animals being destroyed and cost as much as £8.5bn. Many farms and other rural businesses were ruined, and the UK’s tourist industry was severely hit.

The Cabinet Office Minister, Ed Miliband, said there had been a co-ordinated response to the outbreak: “We have had a contingency plan in place following the 2001 outbreak. There have been exercises in relation to that.”

He said an automatic European Union exports ban would come into place immediately.

A European Commission spokesman said the EC would adopt an emergency decision on Monday “confirming the measures being applied concerning restrictions on the movement of animals and the dispatch of products” from the UK.

National Farmers’ Union President Peter Kendall said of the latest incident: “We have to ensure this is a small isolated incident. We are working with the government to ensure the right steps are taken.”

And Hugh Brown, of Surrey NFU, said farmers in the county would be “ultra-vigilant for spotting any signs of abnormality on their farms”.

Hugh Pennington, emeritus professor of microbiology at Aberdeen University, said: “Speed is of the essence here.

“We have got to really stop this virus spreading, obviously first of all to stamp it out in the locality where it has been identified and then see whether the virus has got anywhere else.”

Tim Bonner, from the Countryside Alliance, said: “Even the words ‘foot-and-mouth’ will send a chill through the spine of every farmer in the country.”

The Welsh Assembly government said no link to Wales from the infected premises had been identified.

A number of agricultural shows across the UK are going ahead this weekend without cows, sheep and goats, due to foot-and-mouth restrictions.

Meanwhile, in Cumbria, one of the areas hardest hit by the 2001 outbreak, the Cockermouth and District Agricultural Show, due to take place on Saturday, has been canceled.

Information on Foot-And-Mouth Disease:

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Veterinary Services

January 2002

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly communicable viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. FMD is not recognized as a zoonotic disease.

This country has been free of FMD since 1929, when the last of nine U.S. outbreaks was eradicated.

The disease is characterized by fever and blister-like lesions followed by erosions on the tongue and lips, in the mouth, on the teats, and between the hooves. Many affected animals recover, but the disease leaves them debilitated. It causes severe losses in the production of meat and milk.

Because it spreads widely and rapidly and because it has grave economic as well as clinical consequences, FMD is one of the animal diseases that livestock owners dread most.

What Causes It

The disease is caused by a virus. The virus survives in lymph nodes and bone marrow at neutral pH, but destroyed in muscle when in pH<6.0 i.e. after rigor mortis. The virus can persist in contaminated fodder and the environment for up to 1 month, depending on the temperature and pH conditions.
There are at least seven separate types and many subtypes of the FMD virus. Immunity to one type does not protect an animal against other types.

How It Spreads

FMD viruses can be spread by animals, people, or materials that bring the virus into physical contact with susceptible animals. An outbreak can occur when:

  • People wearing contaminated clothes or footwear or using contaminated equipment pass the virus to susceptible animals.
  • Animals carrying the virus are introduced into susceptible herds
  • Contaminated facilities are used to hold susceptible animals.
  • Contaminated vehicles are used to move susceptible animals.
  • Raw or improperly cooked garbage containing infected meat or animal products is fed to susceptible animals.
  • Susceptible animals are exposed to materials such as hay, feedstuffs, hides, or biologics contaminated with the virus.
  • Susceptible animals drink common source contaminated water.
  • A susceptible cow is inseminated by semen from an infected bull.

Signs

Vesicles (blisters) followed by erosions in the mouth or on the feet and the resulting excessive salivating or lameness are the best known signs of the disease. Often blisters may not be observed because they easily rupture, leading to erosions.

Some of these other signs may appear in affected animals during an FMD outbreak:

  • Temperatures rise markedly, then usually fall in about 2 to 3 days.
  • Ruptured vesicles discharge either clear or cloudy fluid and leave raw, eroded areas surrounded by ragged fragments of loose tissue.
  • Sticky, foamy, stringy saliva is produced.
  • Consumption of feed is reduced because of painful tongue and mouth lesions.
  • Lameness with reluctance to move is often observed.
  • Abortions often occur.
  • Milk flow of infected cows drops abruptly.
  • Conception rates may be low.

Meat animals do not normally regain lost weight for many months. Recovered cows seldom produce milk at their former rates. FMD can lead to myocarditis (inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart) and death, especially in newborn animals.

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4 Comments leave one →
  1. Dimitri permalink
    August 5, 2007 4:28 am

    In a photo of slaughtered cows being transported by truck, it seemed that the trailer was a high sided container with a cover stretched over the top. I would have thought that any container would have to be very tightly sealed unit so that the possibility of any air entering was reduced to zero as even a tiny amount enetering would have to exit somewhere and spores would be broadcast quite efficiently all along the route?

  2. Ryan M. permalink
    August 5, 2007 11:23 pm

    And now it seems as if the virus may have originated from a vaccine manufacturer…

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6931858.stm

    If they are the originator… oh the irony.

  3. September 27, 2007 2:56 pm

    Hi all!

    Your site is very cognitive. I think you will have good future.:)

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  1.   uk farm infected with foot-and-mouth by depression.vahalo.com

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